Ð¿Ð¾ÑÑÐ½ÐµÐ½Ð¸Ñ Ðº 2ÐÐ¾Ñ. Christ was sent only to Israel, and endured sufferings in His ministry to it. 2. Neither would you find members who divide without making every effort to keep the body united. Believers should regard their sufferings less in relation to themselves as individuals, and more as parts of a grand whole, carrying out God's perfect plan. ]We have a work to do â in which Christ shares. Christ: i.e. It is His bride (Ephesians 5:22 ff). Paul fills up what is left of these sufferings, as Apostle to the Gentiles. 2 Timothy 3:12 "Yea, and all that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution.". Paul suffered not as a goal but as a natural everyday walk - he realized he was suffering much as Christ did. What is lacking in regard to Christ’s afflictions? It is usually assumed that read by the Western text is due to dittography; but it may quite as easily have fallen out through homÅoteleuton as have been inserted. (24) Who now rejoice.âIn the true reading of the original there is no relative pronoun. Now, however, he provides against the honor of his apostleship being detracted from by the bonds and persecutions, which he endured for the sake of the gospel. A fourth view, the one I prefer, regards the afflictions of Christ as Christ"s actual sufferings now, not on the cross but in and through Paul whom He indwelt (cf. To rejoice in them is not very different from to rejoice over, or upon, or for them, only, that in the latter case, the afflictions are regarded as external causes of joy, whereas, in the former case, the writer represents himself as immersed in them, and rejoicing in them. . Such is the view of Chrysostom and Theophylact, Augustine and Anselm, of Calvin and Beza, Luther and Melancthon, Zanchius and Grotius, Vitringa and Michaelis, of Bähr and Steiger, of the Catholics Estius and a-Lapide, Davenant, Whitby, Conybeare, Doddridge, De Wette and Olshausen. We will develop this later. Chapter 1. [Note: Johnson475:229.]. Christ’s sufferings on the Cross are complete! But, apart from Acts 9:4, Paul’s doctrine of union with Christ is such that we should almost be compelled to infer that Christ suffered in His members, even if Paul had not here affirmed it. parallel to the idea that Christ suffers in His members. That we are prepared to further God"s cause, despite the personal cost--and that"s the attitude Jesus has (Philippians 2:5). Hofmann’s view is very attractive on account of the context, in which Paul is speaking of his Apostleship to the Gentiles. (3) The death of Christ is equal in value to the good works of religious men and women. Colossians also focuses on the divinity of Jesus. Paul’s commission, sufferings, and labours in order to their full knowledge of Christ, Colossians 1:24-29. They give the name of indulgences to a remission of punishments, obtained by us through the merits of the martyrs. In all the three Epistles of the Captivity this same rejoicing is declared in himself and urged on his brethren. 6. —Chained, and in his Roman prison. In addition, Paul"s present imprisonment was directly linked with his preaching to the Gentiles. Again, we see that Paul suffered with Christ is some manner. The church is in the next clause called the body of Christ: and the Head suffers in all His members. If these words were connected with . Romans 8:17; 1 Peter 4:13. They were His own. The verb means to stay at or with (ἐπί). Not a pang, not a tear is in vain. (9-14) Gives a glorious view of Christ. He had, in Jerusalem, declared his mission to the Gentiles, but the mob broke upon him in fury. The distinctive element in Christ's sufferings had and could have no parallel in those of the apostle-to wit, vicarious agony: Divine infliction and desertion-endurance of penalty to free others from bearing it. Christ’s sufferings on the Cross are complete! Christ views all done to His children as if done to Himself. . they would probably have immediately followed.— : “on behalf of His body”. PAUL APPLE. 1. The faith is not the gospel system (see on Acts 6:7), but the Colossians' faith in Christ. He is doing all he is doing for them. Your faith would be better. These usually use rhetoric to skirt the issue to the point that you are not sure you care what it means. Let us call this study "Sufferology" just to get us thinking in the right direction. (, What is done to them is done to him. Matthew 20:22; Hebrews 13:13) as “the afflictions of Christ,” in case the Apostolic suffering was of essentially the same kind which Christ had endured (the same cup of which Christ had drunk, the same baptism with which Christ had been baptized). d. p. 109. The verb occurs only here, and means ‘fill up fully.’ Some explain: ‘fill up in my turn,’ i.e., as Christ suffered for me, so I now suffer for Him; but the best commentators adopt the former sense, finding in the compared word a contrast between the defect and the supply which meets it. As, therefore, Christ has suffered once in his own person, so he suffers daily in his members, and in this way there are filled up those sufferings which the Father hath appointed for his body by his decree. 6. Thus we must reject the Catholic notion that the extra good deeds of righteous men in the past can be obtained in furthering our own salvation. Colossians 1:24. That my readers, however, may perceive more clearly their impudence, allow that the martyrs, as well as Christ, suffered for the Church, but in different ways, as I am inclined to express in Augustineâs words rather than in my own. The pathway of salvation is the pathway of "losing one's life for the sake of the gospel." (4) is to be rejected on similar grounds, the defect is in Christ’s own suffering, not in that of the Church. Colossians Commentary - 139 page Pdf; JOHANN A BENGEL. () To argue that Mary and the Saints had so many good deeds to their account, that they didn"t need them all to get to heaven, must logically mean: (1) Mary and others didn"t need the grace of God (Ephesians 2:8-9). The apostle's sufferings were those of Christ, for Christ is identified with all His people. He adds, also, a third reason â that his sufferings are advantageous, and that not merely to a few, but to the whole Church. Douglas, Editor. 21. It is true, as has been thoughtfully suggested (see Chrysostom and others on the passage) that we are to count as His the afflictions of His Church; but still, even if we are to include these indirect afflictions, we cannot possibly exclude the direct. We cannot, with Lightfoot, decide against (5) on the ground that . He explains it in this way: “What is wanting of the affliction of Christ to be borne by me, that I supply in order to repay the benefits which Christ conferred on me by filling up the measure of the afflictions laid upon Him”. (Colossians 1:24.) 18 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time [are] not worthy [to be compared] with the glory which shall be revealed in us.". The defect is not (as in 4) in the sufferings of the Church, but in Christ’s sufferings in Paul. Here, however, this idea is expressed with far greater emphasis. Thus Bengel: “Fixa est mensura passionum, quas tota exantlare debet ecclesia. Now I rejoice in the sufferings (Paul"s or Christ"s) for you. Paul hadn"t suffered as much as Christ so is lacking in his suffering. 6 And whether we be afflicted, [it is] for your consolation and salvation, which is effectual in the enduring of the same sufferings which we also suffer: or whether we be comforted, [it is] for your consolation and salvation. Who now rejoice in my passion for you and fill up that which is want of the burden of Christ in my flesh for his body"s sake, which is the church. "And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with [him], that we may be also glorified together. The afflictions of Christ; afflictions to be undergone by Christ in his body the church; that is, in the persons of his disciples. Not one suffering is lost (Psalms 56:8). Such is the view of Theodoret, Meyer, Schleiermacher, Huther, and Winer. Since his sufferings are still incomplete, he speaks of filling up the measure of them. The Apostle represents himself as filling up the deficiencies of the full measure of these sufferings. Thus, Augustine on Psalms 61 exclaims of Christ-qui passus est in capite nostro et patitur in membris suis, id est nobis ipsis. The Church is the body of which he is the Head, so that the persecutions and tribulations endured by it in its members fall upon him. Colossians 1:24 Now I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake & in my flesh I do my share on behalf of His body, which is (3 SPAI) the church, in filling up what is lacking in Christ's afflictions. And fill up. Now I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake, and in my flesh I do my share on behalf of His body, which is the church, in filling up what is lacking in Christ's afflictions. tom. The lexicon says it is a combination of two words. The verb denotes to fill up with something which meets the exigence, or is equivalent to the want. Suffering seems to be an integrated part of the normal Christian life. Steiger and Lücke's connection—“sufferings of Christ for His body's sake”-is wholly against the spirit of the interpretation. He continues with a very clear statement backing up what has already been said "Paul attaches no atoning value whatever to his own sufferings for the church". For Satan, also, perversely turns these things into occasions of rendering the servants of God the more contemptible. A NOTE ON COLOSSIANS 1: 24 by Roy YATES IN Mr. Yates, of Wes'ley House, Cambridge, we greet another new contributor, and welcome his treatment of a well-known and important exegetical problem in the Pauline writings-the problem presented by Paul's reference to his "filling up what is lacking in the sufferings of Christ". But though such a thought may occur in other parts of Scripture, it does not occur in connection with such phraseology as is found in the clause before us. Paul also is the apostle that pictures the Lord as the head of the church and himself as suffering for that body the church. To what lengths am I willing to sacrifice myself for the well-being of this congregation? 3. As 2 Corinthians 11:22-27 said, he was beaten, shipwrecked, imprisoned, scourged, and so on, all for the sake of Jesus Christ’s ministry to the Gentiles. This linked to Christ"s question of the apostle on the road to Damascus concerning why Saul was persecuting Him might lead one to feel that this is the thought of the text. especially his determination to work in Ephesus, despite the opposition (1 Corinthians 16:8-9). If members really loved Christ as they claim, then you wouldn"t see congregations fighting and dividing over non-essentials. ". Now I rejoice. What the relation is, has been disputed. 3. They were like those of Christ, endured for the benefit of others. It is also translated want, penury, that which was lacking, and lacking. Similarity is not of itself supplement, nor does it of necessity imply it. What Paul is actually saying: (a) His sufferings don"t cleanse anyone of sin, rather, Jesus died so people could become Christians, but effort needs to be put forth to spread that message, to extend the borders of the kingdom, to keep the church that Jesus died for strong in the faith. Some give the first preposition the sense of vicissim—“in turn,” as is done by E. Schmid, Beza, Macknight, and Le Clerc, who render-ille ego qui olim ecclesiam Christi vexaveram, nunc vicissim in ejus utilitatem pergo multa mala perpeti. Paul is referring to mystical revelations upon which the false teachers claim a heavenly inheritance that is not available to anyone who has not had the same experiences. Quo plus igitur Paulus exhausit, eo minus et ipsi posthac et caeteris relinquitur. (24-29) Commentary on Colossians 1:1-8 (Read Colossians … Not acceptable! 1. is used of him who “ a se relictum ipse explet,” and . 1. The present action indicates that this "filling up" is something that is an ongoing process and that it seemingly will continue to be needed. In this series Pastor Cucuzza covers Colossians verse by verse. It"s how we react to it that is important to the Lord. What could be clearer, less forced, or more simple, than this exposition, that Paul is joyful in persecution, because he considers, in accordance with what he writes elsewhere, that we must, carry about with us in our body the mortification of Christ, that his life may be manifested in us? 2 Corinthians 1:5. that, &c. = that which is lacking. Christ had done His suffering, now it was Paul"s turn. Therefore he quickly explained that his afflictions were part of God"s plan, and he rejoiced in them. νῦν χαίρω ἐν τοῖς παθήμασιν ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν—“Now I rejoice in my sufferings for you.” The MSS. The particle and I understand as meaning for, for he assigns a reason why he is joyful in his sufferings, because he is in this thing a partner with Christ, and nothing happier can be desired than this partnership. He suffered because of his Apostleship to the Gentiles, but his afflictions turned out to their advantage. [Note: _ The New International Dictionary of the Christian Church. [Note: T. K. Abbott, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistles to the Ephesians and to the Colossians, p232; Ellis, p1339.] 1. For he writes thus in his 84th treatise on John: âThough we brethren die for brethren, yet there is no blood of any martyr that is poured out for the remission of sins. The Apostle represents himself as filling up the deficiencies of the full measure of these sufferings. Paul was persecuting - killing Christians yet, Christ put it in a personal context - you persecute me. (2 Timothy 2:10.). Paul"s suffering comes as a result of the work he is doing. 18 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time [are] not worthy [to be compared] with the glory which shall be revealed in us. He quotes as parallels 2 Corinthians 7:9, 1 Timothy 1:12. (Compare. So Delta G f g, Vulgate. 5. Christ suffered to provide salvation to all mankind, Paul suffers with Christ to get the Gospel to others, and those Paul reaches will suffer to get the Gospel to others. Whom God elected, he also hath predestinated to be conformed to the image of Christ, that he may be the first-born among the brethren. The fact that Christ is the head of the body and if the body suffers so must also the head suffer. sufferings. Hofmann’s view is a special form of this. as the sufferings which Christ endured on earth. A paraphrase might go along this line. Alford: ‘Whatever the whole Church has to suffer, even to the end, she suffers for her perfection in holiness and her completion in Him; and the tribulations of Christ will not be complete till the last pang shall have passed, and the last tear have been shed. 'The Church is His body, in which He is, dwells, lives, and therefore also suffers' (Vitringa). . Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Colossians 1:24-29. And friend, if you find that it is just a chore to attend services, then you know that you are a long way from biblical Christianity (2 Corinthians 12:15). (See the passages quoted by Dr. Lightfoot in his note on this verse.) Christ suffered for the kingdom of God, and His followers must continue this. . This inference, which a-Lapide characterizes as non male, is in direct antagonism to the whole tenor of Scripture, which represents the sacrifice of Jesus as perfect in obedience and suffering, so perfect as to need neither supplement nor repetition. Colossians 1:24 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Colossians 1:24, NIV: "Now I rejoice in what I am suffering for you, and I fill up in my flesh what is still lacking in regard to Christ's afflictions, for the sake of his body, which is the church." The idea that we HAVE TO FINISH something that Christ started is also a contradiction to many Scriptures. Rome's inference is utterly false, that the Church has a stock treasury of the merits and satisfactions of Christ and His apostles, out of which she dispenses indulgences: the context has no reference to sufferings in expiation of sin and productive of merit. 2 Corinthians 2:10. The Romanist view must be rejected on the basis of Ephesians 2:8-9 and others as well. The parallels Lightfoot quotes are intended to show that “the supply comes from an opposite quarter to the defect”. Some able and accomplished scholars take this view-that the sufferings of Paul are styled by him the afflictions of Christ, because they were similar in nature. 3. He could be happy because of the results of this suffering. Which is the church; comp. Similar to the Hebrews 11:26 passage. The lack is in Christ"s suffering not Paul"s. 8. It, however, labours, with (2) generally, under the objection that it implies defect in Christ’s earthly sufferings, for means defect, and also that the claim thus made to fill up the defect left by Christ is strangely arrogant. excludes an identification between the sufferings of Paul and Christ. (Christ indwelling Paul.) Christ was destined to endure certain afflictions in this figurative body, as well as in His literal; 'that which was behind of these afflictions of Christ,' Paul 'filled up.' [Note: C. F. D. Moule, The Epistles of Paul the Apostle to the Colossians and to Philemon, p76.] 4. 2. Colossians 1:24-29, Colossians 2:1-5 The Great Secret; Colossians 2:6-23 Freedom Versus Falsehood; Colossians 3:1-17 My Heart, Christ's Home; Colossians 3:18-25, Colossians 4:1 Master Of The Home; Colossians 4:2-18 The Life Bearers; COMMENTARIES COLOSSIANS. We in America seem to be blessed with not having to suffer for Christ, though our brothers in other countries where Christians are persecuted feel the church in America would be strengthened with a little suffering. ἔπαθεν ἂν καὶ ὑπέστη, καθ᾿ ὃν τρόπον καὶ πρὶν κηρύσσων καὶ εὐαγγελιζόμενος τὴν βασιλείαν τῶν οὐρανῶν. 4. Paul concentrates on himself the hate of the world against Christ and His Church. This is to be connected with ‘fill up,’ and the ‘flesh,’ the seat of physical weakness and pain, is the seat of this filling up. It was Paul"s turn to suffer. On the other hand, but in accordance with this truth, apostates who resile from their profession, and virtually proclaim that they have discovered faith in Christ to be a dream and a delusion, are said to “crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put Him to an open shame.” Again, in 2 Corinthians 1:5, the apostle says—“The sufferings of Christ abound in us,” that is, sufferings endured by Christ in us; and therefore, such being the sympathetic affinity between us, our consolation also aboundeth by Christ. St. Paul had heard about the Colossian Church through a man named Epaphras (Colossians 1:7; 4:12) who informed the apostle about the struggles of this young Christian community. The thought of vicariously atoning by means of such afflictions as well as his readers knew what. Can not adopt this view would read it this way was lacking in any.... The results of this suffering fellow-suffering of the normal Christian life ( 1:19, 2:9 ). ” -is against. 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